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Sight words, often also called high frequency sight words, are commonly used words that young children are encouraged to memorize as a whole by sight, so that they can automatically recognize these words in print without having to use any strategies to decode

Sight words account for a large percentage (up to 75%) of the words used in beginning children’s print materials.[2] The advantage for children being able to recognize sight words automatically is that a beginning reader will be able to identify the majority of words in a beginning text before they even attempt to read it; therefore, allowing the child to concentrate on meaning and comprehension as they read without having to stop and decode every single word.[2] Advocates of whole-word instruction believe that being able to recognize a large number of sight words gives students a better start to learning to read.